Nepal at a Glance

10 August, 2018
Sabin Dangol


Nepal is one of the beautiful countries located in South Asia.  The official name of Nepal is ‘The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal’. Geographically, Nepal is sandwiched between two giant countries: India in East, West and South and China in the Northern Part. Having its small area, it is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity, unique cultures, a lifestyle of people, topographical variation and so on. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above the sea level to the highest point on earth- Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters. Nepal is also known as the kingdom of Himalayas because 8 out of 12 highest mountains in the world are nestled in the land of the Himalayas which include Mount Everest( 8,848m),  Kanchanjanga (8586m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8485m), Cho Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu ( 8163m), Annapurna (8091m). Similarly, thousands of alpine peaks are recorded, among them, Amadablam, Tseko Ri, Island peak,  Langtang Lirung, Ganesh Himal, Gaurisanker, are amongst the most popular peaks in Nepal. Some of the peaks, hills, and villages are still unexplored and far from human settlement. Therefore, one who loves travel and wants to explore Nepal in an adventurous way is always welcomed as a visitor.

 Quick facts of Nepal


147,181 square. Km


26*12 and 30*27 north


80*4 and 88*4 east



Official language



Deepest gorge in the world - Kaligandaki and Highest point on Earth -  Mount Everest (8,848m)


28.8 million


Majority Hindu (81.3%), Buddhism(9%), Islam (4.4%),Others (5.3%)


Tropical in low land  and  arctic in higher altitudes

Agriculture products

Rice, Corn, Wheat, Sugarcane, Jute, Root crops, Milk, water,


Tourism, carpet, textile, small rice, Jute, sugar, and oilseed miles, cigarettes, cement, and brick production.


Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

Ethnic group


National Flower

Rhodendron (Laliguras)

National Bird

Himalayan Monal /Impean Pheasant (Danfe)



Geographical Location

The total area of Nepal is 147,181 square kilometers, extended East to west 885m and North to the south is 193m. Nepal occupies 0.3 and 0.03 percentage of the land area of Asia and the world respectively. Nepal has categorized in three topographical division: Terai, Hilly, and Moutain region. Terai is flat land, Hilly covers the most of green hills and valleys and Mountains region is more 3000m above the sea level. 8 out of the 10 highest peaks are the home of the mountain region.

 Seasons of Nepal:

 Nepal is undoubtedly one of the best countries in the world one can enjoy across the year. However, the topography of Nepal classified the four seasons in  a year which are :

Spring season: Springs starts from  March to till May. It is a mild temperature. Sky opens and great views greet the traveler. Spring is one of the best seasons for traveling in Nepal. Springs also brings vivid colors of  flowers.

Summer Season: Summer comes after the spring. It falls from May to till August.It is the hottest season of Nepal. Hot but dry days are more comfortable than those of Monsoon days which are hot and humid.

Autumn season: Autumn is another best season for travelers in Nepal. It comes from September to till November. The raining stops, the weather gets clear most of the time, the temperature is pleasant so that traveler loves this season.

Winter season: Winter is the coldest season, falls December to till February. In the lower part, weather is foggy and misty barely seen the sunshine in the Terai region. Likewise, in the high Himalayas the snow falls like every day.

People and religion

People and religion of Nepal will be seen varieties as per geography of Nepal. However, people of Nepal can be seen into two types – Aryan and Mangoloids. The majority of people in Nepal follow the Hindu religion, after that, People follow Buddhism, Christianity, and some other religions also followed by people. There is no discrimination in the religion in Nepal so that Nepal also known for the cooperation and harmony between different religious people. 

 Protected and conservation area in Nepal:

Nepal has set up the goal of nature conservation. The total area of nature protection is about 23% of the total area. The protected area passes the landscape from the Himalayan region to the plains of Terai with a low and mid-mountain area. The main aim of this project is to utilize the local resources, within the local community, by the locals, to support the development of the local area. The conservation and protected area are:

  National Parks in Nepal

1.    Chitwan National Park – 932 Sq. km

2.    Sagarmatha National Park – 1,148 Sq. km

3.    Langtang National Park – 1,710 Sq. km

4.    Rara National Park – 106 Sq. km

5.    Khaptad National Park – 225 Sq. km

6.    Shey Phoksundo National Park – 3,555 Sq. km

7.    Bardiya National Park – 968 Sq. km

8.    Makalu Barun National Park – 1,500 Sq. km

9.    Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park – 159 Sq. km

10.    Banke National Park – 550 Sq. km

11.    Shuklaphanta National Park – 305 Sq. km

12.    Parsa National Park – 637 Sq. km

 Wildlife Reserve in Nepal

1.    Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve – 175 Sq. km

2.    Parsa Wildlife Reserve – 499 Sq. km

3.    Suklapaphata Wilfereserve – 305 Sq. km

 Hunting Reserve

1.    Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve – 1,325 Sq. km 

 Conservation Area

1.    Annapurna Conservation Area – 7,629 Sq. km

2.    Kanchenjunga Conservation Area – Sq. km

3.    Manaslu Conservation Area – 1,663 Sq. km

4.    Blackbuck Conservation Area – 15.95 Sq. km

5.    Api Nampa Conservation Area – 1,903 Sq. km

6.    Gaurishankar Conservation Area – 2,179 Sq. km

World Heritage sites in Nepal

UNESCO has enlisted 10 heritage sites in Nepal which are : 

1.     Kathmandu Darbar Square

2.    Patan Darbar Square

3.    Bhaktapur Darbar Square

4.    Pashupatinath temple

5.    Swaymbunath Stupa

6.    Boudha Stupa

7.    Changu Narayan Temple

8.    Lumbini

9.    Chitwan National park

10.    Sagarmatha National Park



Nepal is abundant with nature, cultures and diverse landscape. It has many potential resources commonly known for the electricity, tourism, culture, religion, wildlife and adventure activities. As the resources are not exploited, Nepal is deemed as a developing country in the world. Being a small nation in the world, Nepal allures everyone to visit once in his or her lifetime. Some of the popular places Annapurna region, Everest region, Langtang region, Manaslu region etc are well-protected and conserved areas where anyone can enjoy the natural beauty, experience of hospitable people and their culture, and real rural life of Nepal.

 The instability from the government’s part has not helped the situation and only spreads negative message to the outside world. Hence, political stabilization and peace are the crucial developing factors. Majority of the population depend on agriculture, however, Nepal still leans on other countries for food and it appears to be very crumbling the reputation. In order to increase our productivity we need to revolutionize the agricultural system. Definitely, education, skills development programs, training are essential for the skilled the man power in Nepal. The private sector also plays an important role in economic and social development in Nepal. The government has to create a business-friendly environment, provide incentives and encouraging programs that emphasize more on the young entrepreneurs.

 As far as tourism is concerned, Nepal is blessed with nature, cultures and vivid history. According to the annual Economic Impact Research report for 2017, tourism industry contributes 7.5 percent of Nepal's GDP. However, that is not enough. To raise the GDP we have to welcome many tourists within a year. That is possible to make it happen. We have beautiful places that can be the potential destinations for the traveler and can be categorized as an adventure, religious, holidays, Pleasure, MICE and many more. 

In order to promote our products and services, we need to promote destination through cooperation between Private and government sector. We have to avoid the traditional idea, strategy, and promotional tools. We have time to move up, familiarize with advanced technology and make use of the digital marketing tools. Regarding the tourism bodies NTB, PATA, NATTA, have to appear in active and responsible with a far-sighted vision that can lead the access to our potential customer.

In conclusion, If we act on the weaknesses and threats of the present condition of Nepal, and work together (private and public sector) with proper plan and vision it is possible to make Nepal as one of the most prosperous countries in the world.

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